United States Patent Office.
RUSSELL EVARTS, OF 'Madison, CONNECTICUT. IMPROVED FISHING-SEINE
FOR DEEP WATER.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 647, dated March
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Russell Evarts, of Madison, in the county of
New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and
Improved Fishing-Net or Seine, to be used in the open sea or in
deep water independent of the shore or bottom, and the mode and
manner of using it, of which the following is a specification.
The object of this invention is to form a seine which may be
successfully used in taking fish which usually run in shoals and
often at a great distance from shore, where ordinary nets cannot
be used. This I have effected by a moating seine suspended and
extended on a frame resting on tow-boats, the frame forming three
sides of a square open in trout. The bottom and sides of the
seine are formed of meshes of suitable size for the fish intended
to be taken. The size of the frame and of the bottom for ordinary
use may be about fifty feet square. The bottom of the seine is
calculated to sink by leaden weights about five or six feet below
the surface of the water, and is there suspended, horizontally by
the sides, turned up, and hooked to the frame.
The seine is moved by towing-boats attached to both sides, the
front and rear of the seine being open until a shoal of fish is
perceived. The rear is then closed and made fast to the frame.
The leading tow-boat on each side then, returning to the seine,
follows the � and raises the front apron, and thereby incloses
the fish, and by gathering in the seine subjects them to easy and
expeditious disposition by scoops or otherwise.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention,
I will more particularly describe its several parts and their use
and the mode of operation, premising that the seine described is
calculated for white fish, otherwise called "bony fish," or for
mackerel, or other fish of that size; and on the same principle,
with larger and stronger meshes, it may be used for porpoises or
any other fish, and the size of the frame and of the seine, may
vary as occasion may require.
The frame of my seine forms three sides of a square open in
front. Each side is about fifty feet long and may be made of tour
pieces of scantling of the length of the side. Two bar pieces are
laid for the bottom about twelve inches apart. Short pieces of
scantling are laid across, the top pieces are laid upon them, and
bolted through each cross-piece. The sides of this frame are
connected with the rear iron hinges or eyes, with a bolt at the
corners, as seen in the drawings, Figured, A. A. This frame is
supported on float-boats about twelve feet long, shaped like a
whaleboat, with a covered deck and water-tight, the frame
resting, about two feet above the water, on a pivot or spindle
rising, well braced, from the deck, and passing through a
cross-bar of iron on tin frame, strengthened by bracing-bars, the
length of the boat on each side of the frame, as seen in Fig. �.
Two such floats support the frame on each side and two under the
rear part of the frame, as seen in Fig. I, �. The cross-bar which
receives the spindle from the floats under the rear part of the
frame is braced by a ciicular bar whose diameter is the length of
the float. � which the end of the float may be made fast in the
direction required, as seen in Fig. 1, �. The floats under the
side frames are attached to the frame at each end and their end
to run in the line of the frame. The sides are set a little
flaring and held in place by ropes as seen in Fig. �, � I).
The seine is composed of meshes of twine, as usual for nets,
having a bottom of net-work the size of the frame calculated to
rest, or to move hoizontally for six feet (more or less) under
water, supported by the sides, turned up, and fastened by hooks
or otherwise to the frame, and held in place by leaden weights at
their junction with the bottom, as seen in Fig. 1, E E.
When this seine is put in motion the real end is nnliooked from
the frame and is held in a horizontal position with '-the bottom,
as seen iii Fig. 1, F. by cords connected with the frame, ami
by-which it can be drawn to its place on the frame when required.
The front is disleft open when in motion, but may be'doscil by an
apron, as seen in Fig. 142st.
This seine is moved forward by two toWrbeiits
iii a line, attached to each side. These boats
arc of the size and shape of whale-boats, about
twenty-five feet long. Kach boat is manned
with four men. with muffled oars, and moved in a line straight
comwith disthe flare of the side to *comeratioii andddfrom disone
distant place'to anotherwhich 'they: are 'attaeheininful, as
seeii in Fig'. 1, be iiiccthe following easy and comexpeditions
uniuuer: IIII. Lineinin-artvexte4ideU from the front apron ' The
seine is rolled up, beginning at tlm front, of the seine to each
1ot'"the leading towing- and as ft rolls is detached from the
sides and boats, as seen at T T. As soon as a, shoal of ! is
placed iipoii the rear dissection of the frame, fish is seen
entering the seine a signal is given'! All the rowing-boats are
then attached to the by a person standing on the rear section of
the I front end of one of the sides and the whole frame, uiid he
at the'suine time raises the apron bar move 'in one. line comto
the place of operation, and behind and secures it to the frame,
while at j when tlieiu all the parts are quickly displaced in the
same time the leading low-boat on each ! the order specified for
use.. . line, easting off its tow-line, turns in toward ! Fur
further illustration I refer to the drawthe seine, following in
the lish and drawing ings accompanying this disspecification as
part in the line of the front apron, and by that stthereof. com;
- ' .
raising the apron to its place, and thereby. 1 do not claim as my
invention the floats or inclosing the fish within the seine. The
seine be the towing-boats as above described, nor a may then be
gathered in by raising the bot-' net of twine in meshes in such
form as those torn in front by means of rin caret sor loops'lixed
in common use: but
on the bottom for that purpose.' These, rings What I do claim-z
my invention is are to be hooked upon the sides as they are 1.
The form of the seine substantially as gradually drawn
distogether in front, and there : specified caret and the
combination of the several interlocked and secured, giving 'ffthe
frame be known materials and. parts necessriry to its a
triangular form. The lish inclosed may construction, as'stated
above, then be taken from I he seine by scoops and, 2. The
nieihod of taking fish thereby 1inwit'li the aid of a crane
erected, on the rear ! deep water iudejie'disident of. the bottom
of the section of the frame, emptied into a scow or bar water or
of 'the shore, in the. manner and by other receiving-vessel. (Sec
Fig's. 1 and 2, 1C.) ! the means above specified.
If it shall be found necessary or useful, a bar In testimony
whereof I subscribe this instruconimon net with leaden weights
may beat- j ment April (greater-than , 1S3'ea7.
tached to diseach towing-iine todddirect the course': ' RUSSELL E
backslash tilde AIBLETS.
of the shoal into the boily of the seine. bar Witnesses: .
This seine, with all its appendages, may be i Simkon
transported from the shore to the scene of op- j . Staddxtox
IST caret EES
HENRS C. WINDLE,; OF WALSA-LIL, AMD" JOSEPH- GII-ILOTT AND
STEPHEN- MO-TO IRIS;. Off"